Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva
Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.
Mental health support providers can be found for anybody struggling in the course of the pandemic. All private care services together with hairdressers, nail bars and tattoo parlours must shut. The Met Office says that some roads and rail services are likely to be affected by the freezing situations and people ought to expect longer journey instances. Regular ferry companies function between the Scottish mainland and outlying islands. Ferries serving both the inside and outer Hebrides are principally operated by the state-owned enterprise Caledonian MacBrayne.
But if its British shops that you’re after, there is no precise need to visit the UK at all.
Scotland’s gross domestic product , together with oil and gasoline produced in Scottish waters, was estimated at £one hundred fifty billion for the calendar yr 2012. As of April 2019 the Scottish unemployment rate was three.3%, below the UK’s general fee of 3.eight%, and the Scottish employment fee was 75.9%.
Notable drivers include; David Coulthard, Jim Clark, Paul Di Resta, and Jackie Stewart. In IndyCar, Dario Franchitti has received four consecutive IndyCar world championships. Scotland hosts its personal national sporting competitions and has independent illustration at a number of worldwide sporting occasions, together with the FIFA World Cup, the Rugby Union World Cup, the Rugby League World Cup, the Cricket World Cup, the Netball World Cup and the Commonwealth Games.
The Midlands noticed the biggest rise, the place a hundred seventy five individuals died, 167 deaths were recorded in London and 163 in the East of England. Meanwhile, a lecturers’ union has launched authorized action against the federal government demanding all faculties to close.
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After the Reformation, Roman Catholicism in Scotland continued in the Highlands and a few western islands like Uist and Barra, and it was strengthened in the course of the nineteenth century by immigration from Ireland. Other Christian denominations in Scotland include the Free Church of Scotland, and numerous other Presbyterian offshoots. In August 2012, the Scottish population reached an all-time high of 5.25 million individuals.
“Many persons are fighting bereavement, lack of income, isolation or anxiousness around the pandemic and it may be notably exhausting for people with existing mental well being challenges. Many persons are facing large challenges to their mental health this year as a result of lockdowns, health concerns, financial worries and uncertainty in regards to the future. The official guidance is to “keep home” and to only journey for “essential reasons”, so persons are being advised to buy the gross sales online to avoid any pointless public contact. If you’re worried about supply charges, many retailers offer click on and gather free of charge – this is nonetheless allowed in all tiers.
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The partnership says there’s nonetheless the opportunity for people within the prime 4 precedence groups who haven’t yet been vaccinated to e-book an appointment. They are suggested to make use of the national booking system to e-book their vaccine or contact their local GP. People aged are being encouraged to e-book appointments at Ashton Gate Vaccination Centre or at certainly one of seven local community pharmacies. This can be accomplished by logging on to the national reserving service at/covid-vaccinationor calling 119.
The workers are pleasant, the service is fast and efficient, the food is delicious. However, these stores can continue to function click on-and-collect techniques, if goods are pre-ordered and collected off the premises, and supply providers. Today’s complete brings the nation’s overall variety of hospital Covid deaths to sixty nine,801, including a 46-yr-old with no underlying health situations. A further 907 people have died with coronavirus in English hospitals – including a 25-12 months-old. News Corp is a community of leading firms within the worlds of diversified media, information, schooling, and information providers.
Towards the tip of the century Prime Ministers of Scottish descent included William Gladstone, and the Earl of Rosebery. Historian Neil Davidson notes “after 1746 there was a completely new level of participation by Scots in political life, particularly outdoors Scotland.” Davidson also states “removed from being ‘peripheral’ to the British economic system, Scotland – or extra exactly, the Lowlands – lay at its core.” The deposed Jacobite Stuart claimants had remained popular in the Highlands and north-east, significantly amongst non-Presbyterians, including Roman Catholics and Episcopalian Protestants. However, two major Jacobite risings launched in 1715 and 1745 didn’t take away the House of Hanover from the British throne. The menace of the Jacobite movement to the United Kingdom and its monarchs successfully ended at the Battle of Culloden, Great Britain’s final pitched battle. The Protectorate Parliament was the first Westminster parliament to include representatives nominally from Scotland. The monarchy of the House of Stuart was resumed with the Restoration in Scotland in 1660.
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The Scotland Act 2012, primarily based on proposals by the fee, was subsequently enacted devolving extra powers to the Scottish Parliament. During an official visit to the Republic of Ireland in 2016, Sturgeon claimed that is it “essential for Ireland and Scotland and the whole of the British Isles that Ireland has a strong ally in Scotland”. During the identical engagement, Sturgeon became the first head of government to address the Seanad Éireann, the higher house of the Oireachtas . In the aftermath of the United Kingdom’s choice to withdraw from the European Union in 2016, the Scottish Government has referred to as for there to be a joint approach from every of the devolved governments. Since devolution in 1999, Scotland has devolved stronger working relations throughout the two other devolved governments, the Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive. Scotland, together with the Welsh Government, British Government in addition to the Northern Ireland government, take part within the Joint Ministerial Committee which allows every government to discuss coverage issues collectively and work together across every authorities to seek out solutions.
Scotland’s primary exports embrace whisky, electronics and financial services. The United States, Netherlands, Germany, France, and Norway constitute the country’s main export markets. Until 2013, the Scottish fireplace brigades and police forces had been based on a system of regions introduced in 1975.
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The SFA also has accountability for the Scotland national football group, whose supporters are generally generally known as the “Tartan Army”. As of Vape Shop in Edinburgh, UK , Scotland are ranked because the 50th best nationwide soccer team in the FIFA World Rankings. The national staff final attended the World Cup in France in 1998, however finished final in their group stage. The Scotland ladies’s group have achieved newer success, qualifying for each Euro 2017 and the 2019 World Cup. As of December 2019, they were ranked as the twenty second finest women’s national team within the FIFA Rankings. The Scottish Football Association , the second-oldest nationwide football association on the planet, is the primary governing body for Scottish association football, and a founding member of the International Football Association Board which governs the Laws of the Game. As a results of this key role in the improvement of the game Scotland is certainly one of solely four nations to have a everlasting representative on the IFAB; the other 4 representatives being appointed for set intervals by FIFA.
The following 12 months, twin Acts of Union have been passed by both parliaments to create the united Kingdom of Great Britain with impact from 1 May 1707 with in style opposition and anti-union riots in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and elsewhere. The newly shaped Parliament of Great Britain rejected proposals from the Parliament of Ireland that the third kingdom be integrated within the union. Early years settings and childminders can stay open as regular, while nannies are also allowed to carry on providing services, including in the house. Vita Health Group, which is funded by the NHS to offer a psychological well being service to help folks in North Somerset, presents speaking therapies by way of VitaMinds.
The East Coast and West Coast primary railway traces join the main cities and towns of Scotland with each other and with the rail community in England. London North Eastern Railway offers inter-city rail journeys between Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Inverness to London. During the time of British Rail, the West Coast Main Line from London Euston to Glasgow Central was electrified within the early Nineteen Seventies, adopted by the East Coast Main Line in the late Nineteen Eighties. When British Rail existed, many railway traces in Strathclyde had been electrified. Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive was on the forefront with the acclaimed “largest electrified rail community outside London”. Some parts of the network are electrified, however there are no electrified strains within the Highlands, Angus, Aberdeenshire, the cities of Dundee or Aberdeen, or Perth & Kinross, and none of the islands has a rail hyperlink . Scotland has five international airports operating scheduled companies to Europe, North America and Asia, as nicely domestic services to England, Northern Ireland and Wales.
The British Parliament retains control over reserved issues specified within the Scotland Act 1998, together with taxes, social safety, defence, worldwide relations and broadcasting. The Scottish Parliament has legislative authority for all different areas referring to Scotland. It initially had only a limited energy to differ income tax, but powers over taxation and social security had been significantly expanded by the Scotland Acts of 2012 and 2016.
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Just over half (fifty four%) of the Scottish inhabitants reported being a Christian whereas nearly 37% reported not having a faith in a 2011 census.Since the Scottish Reformation of 1560, the nationwide church has been Protestant in classification and Reformed in theology. Since 1689 it has had a Presbyterian system of church authorities and enjoys independence from the state. Its membership is 398,389, about 7.5% of the total inhabitants, although according to the 2014 Scottish Annual Household Survey, 27.8%, or 1.5 million adherents, recognized the Church of Scotland as the church of their faith. The Church operates a territorial parish structure, with each neighborhood in Scotland having a local congregation.
Only in latest a long time has the nation loved something of a cultural and economic renaissance. Economic factors contributing to this restoration included a resurgent monetary companies trade, electronics manufacturing, , and the North Sea oil and gasoline vape review of five pawns taken three isolani e liquid business. The introduction in 1989 by Margaret Thatcher’s authorities of the Community Charge one yr earlier than the remainder of Great Britain, contributed to a growing motion for Scottish control over domestic affairs.
Scotland has a Western-style open blended economic system carefully linked with the remainder of the UK and the wider world. Traditionally, the Scottish economy was dominated by heavy industry underpinned by shipbuilding in Glasgow, coal mining and metal industries. Petroleum related industries associated with the extraction of North Sea oil have additionally been important employers from the Nineteen Seventies, especially in the north-east of Scotland.
The head of each council is usually the Lord Provost alongside the Leader of the council, with a Chief Executive being appointed as director of the council area. Community Councils are informal organisations that represent particular sub-divisions within every council area. A coverage of devolution had been advocated by the three major British political parties with various enthusiasm during latest history. A previous Labour chief, John Smith, described the revival of a Scottish parliament as the “settled will of the Scottish individuals”. The devolved Scottish Parliament was created after a referendum in 1997 discovered majority support for each creating the Parliament and granting it limited powers to differ revenue tax. During the G8 Summit in 2005, the primary minister Jack McConnell welcomed every head of presidency of the G8 nations to the country’s Glasgow Prestwick Airport on behalf of then prime minister Tony Blair.
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Increased income, and the more equal distribution of meals, obtained via a decent rationing system, dramatically improved the health and vitamin. The shipbuilding business expanded by a 3rd and expected renewed prosperity, however as an alternative, a critical melancholy hit the financial system by 1922 and it did not absolutely recover until 1939. The interwar years were marked by financial stagnation in rural and concrete areas, and excessive unemployment. Indeed, the struggle introduced with it deep social, cultural, economic, and political dislocations. Thoughtful Scots pondered their declension, as the primary social indicators similar to poor well being, dangerous housing, and lengthy-term mass unemployment, pointed to terminal social and financial stagnation at best, or even a downward spiral.
In a statement, Avon and Somerset Police mentioned officers assisted in the rescue of the 2 individuals who turned stranded on the prime of a cliff. All non essential retail, hospitality and private care companies should shut if not already, and remain closed. In person teaching at college will solely be allowed for a small variety of important courses beforehand introduced such as those learning to work in the well being service. A third national lockdown has now begun in England with Prime Minister Boris Johnson asking people to observe new guidelines instantly, ahead of them coming into law on Wednesday. “Who invented the television? How individuals reacted to John Logie Baird’s creation 90 years in the past”. M. Sievers, The Highland Myth as an Invented Tradition of 18th and 19th century and Its Significance for the Image of Scotland , pp. 22–5. Other routes, served by multiple firms, join southwest Scotland to Northern Ireland.
His first prose work, Waverley in 1814, is usually referred to as the first historic novel. It launched a extremely successful career that in all probability more than any other helped define and popularise Scottish cultural identification. In the late nineteenth century, numerous Scottish-born authors achieved international reputations, such as Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, J. M. Barrie and George MacDonald. Roman army authorities was withdrawn from the island altogether by the early fifth century, resulting in the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain and the immigration of the Saxons to southern Scotland and the remainder of jap Great Britain. Scotland is split into 32 administrative subdivisions or native authorities, generally known as council areas. Glasgow City is the most important council area by way of population, with Highland being the most important when it comes to space. Limited self-governing power, covering matters corresponding to schooling, social services and roads and transportation, is devolved from the Scottish Government to every subdivision.
At the same time, McConnell and the then Scottish Executive pioneered the way in which ahead to launch what would become the Scotland Malawi Partnership which co-ordinates Scottish actions to strengthen present hyperlinks with Malawi. During McConnell’s time as first minister, several relations with Scotland, including Scottish and Russian relations strengthened following a go to by President of Russia Vladimir Putin to Edinburgh. McConnell, talking on the end, highlighted that the go to by Putin was a “publish-devolution” step towards “Scotland regaining its international identification”. Scottish business came out of the melancholy droop by a dramatic growth of its industrial activity, absorbing unemployed men and many women as properly. The shipyards had been the centre of extra exercise, however many smaller industries produced the machinery wanted by the British bombers, tanks and warships. Agriculture prospered, as did all sectors except for coal mining, which was operating mines near exhaustion. Real wages, adjusted for inflation, rose 25% and unemployment quickly vanished.
Ulster’s Protestant inhabitants is principally of lowland Scottish descent, and it’s estimated that there are more than 27 million descendants of the Scots-Irish migration now residing within the US. About 20% of the original European settler inhabitants of New Zealand got here from Scotland. Immigration since World War II has given Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Dundee small South Asian communities.
By inheritance in 1603, James VI of Scotland became king of England and Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the brand new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union also created the Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded each the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain entered into a political union with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland . Covering the northern third of the island of Great Britain, mainland Scotland has a 96-mile border with England to the southeast and is in any other case surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast and the Irish Sea to the south. There are additionally more than 790 islands, principally in the archipelagos of the Hebrides and the Northern Isles.
Highlanders can thank James Graham, third Duke of Montrose, for the repeal in 1782 of the Act of 1747 prohibiting the carrying of tartans. In native authorities, there have been 32 single-tier council areas since 1996, whose councils are answerable for the availability of all native authorities providers. Decisions are made by councillors who are elected at local elections each five years.
These are being phased out and changed by the National Qualifications of the Curriculum for Excellence. The school leaving age is sixteen, after which students may choose to remain at school and study for Access, Intermediate or Higher Grade and Advanced Higher skills. A small variety of college students at certain private, independent faculties might comply with the English system and examine towards GCSEs and A and AS-Levels instead. Scotland’s Scapa Flow was the primary base for the Royal Navy within the 20th century. As the Cold War intensified in 1961, the United States deployed Polaris ballistic missiles, and submarines, within the Firth of Clyde’s Holy Loch. The Royal Navy efficiently satisfied the federal government to permit the base as a result of it needed its personal Polaris submarines, and it obtained them in 1963.
Fears at the moment are growing that a third national lockdown could be imposed imminently to curb the unfold of a mutant pressure of coronavirus. On December 30, Health Secretary Matt Hancock announced three quarters of England – together with the North East and many of the Midlands – could be going through the toughest restrictions from 00.01 on New Year’s Eve. For more information about the roll-out of the vaccination programme within the area, including full details of the vaccination places and travel assist, log-on to theHealthier Together web site. Local people are also being asked to not contact any vaccination website or visit them without an appointment. The Bristol, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire Healthier Together partnership is advising folks in any of those three groups that they will be contacted to guide their vaccination appointment.
In 1641 and once more in 1643 the Parliament of Scotland unsuccessfully sought a union with England which was “federative” and never “incorporating”, in which Scotland would retain a separate parliament. In 1603, James VI, King of Scots inherited the thrones of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Ireland within the Union of the Crowns, and moved to London. The first Union Jack was designed at James’s behest, to be flown along with the St Andrew’s Cross on Scots vessels at sea. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to make use of a variety of types, titles and other royal symbols of statehood particular to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland. The authorized system inside Scotland has also remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland; Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in each private and non-private legislation. The continued existence of authorized, educational, non secular and other establishments distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish tradition and national id since the 1707 incorporating union with England. The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an impartial sovereign state within the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707.
The first surviving main text in Early Scots is the 14th-century poet John Barbour’s epic Brus, focusing on the lifetime of Robert I, and was quickly followed by a collection of vernacular romances and prose works. In the sixteenth century, the crown’s patronage helped the event of Scots drama and poetry, but the accession of James VI to the English throne removed a serious centre of literary patronage and Scots was sidelined as a literary language.
This was based by the National Health Service Act 1947 (later repealed by the National Health Service Act 1978) that took impact on 5 July 1948 to coincide with the launch of the NHS in England and Wales. However, even prior to 1948, half of Scotland’s landmass was already covered by state-funded well being care, offered by the Highlands and Islands Medical Service. Healthcare coverage and funding is the accountability of the Scottish Government’s Health Directorates. The present Cabinet Secretary for Health and Sport is Jeane Freeman and the Director-General Health and chief executive, NHS Scotland is Paul Gray. The Scottish National Party , which supports Scottish independence, was first elected to type the Scottish Government in 2007. The new authorities established a “National Conversation” on constitutional points, proposing numerous choices such as rising the powers of the Scottish Parliament, federalism, or a referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom. In rejecting the final choice, the three primary opposition events in the Scottish Parliament created a commission to research the distribution of powers between devolved Scottish and UK-wide bodies.
Scotland is the second largest nation within the United Kingdom, and accounted for eight.3% of the population in 2012. Historically, the use of “Scotch” as an adjective comparable to “Scottish” or “Scots” was commonplace.
The Scottish Parliament’s type of proportional representation resulted in no one get together having an total majority for the primary three Scottish parliament elections. However, the professional-independence Scottish National Party led by Alex Salmond achieved an total majority in the 2011 election, profitable sixty nine of the 129 seats out there. The success of the SNP in reaching a majority in the Scottish Parliament paved the best way for the September 2014 referendum on Scottish independence.
- The Church operates a territorial parish structure, with every community in Scotland having a neighborhood congregation.
- A third nationwide lockdown has now begun in England with Prime Minister Boris Johnson asking people to observe new guidelines instantly, ahead of them coming into regulation on Wednesday.
- To exercise, which can be together with your household or up to one different particular person from exterior your family or bubble.
- The Scottish Parliament can provide legislative consent over devolved matters again to the British Parliament by passing a Legislative Consent Motion if United Kingdom-wide laws is considered extra appropriate for a sure issue.
- Scottish poets who emerged in the same period included Carol Ann Duffy, who, in May 2009, was the first Scot named the monarch’s Poet Laureate.
They are folks aged sixty five-69, people aged 16 – sixty four who’re categorized as clinically weak as a result of they have a spread ofclinical conditions identified by the JCVIthat enhance their risk from coronavirus, in addition to individuals lately added to the updated Shielded Patient List. Local well being and care organisations are moving to the subsequent stage of the Covid-19 vaccine programme within the space. There are numerous methods to get assist if you’re involved about your mental health or are nervous a couple of beloved one. Bowling alleys, leisure centres and gymnasiums, sports services including swimming swimming pools, golf programs and driving ranges, dance studios, stables and riding centres, gentle play amenities, climbing partitions and climbing centres, archery and capturing ranges, water and theme parks.
Scotland is represented in the British House of Commons by fifty nine MPs elected from territory-based Scottish constituencies. This represented a major enhance from the 2017 common election, when the SNP received 35 seats. Conservative, Labour and Liberal Democrat parties additionally symbolize Scottish constituencies within the House of Commons. The Scotland Office represents the British authorities in Scotland on reserved issues and represents Scottish interests within the government. The Scotland Office is led by the Secretary of State for Scotland, who sits in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. Scotland has restricted self-authorities throughout the United Kingdom, in addition to representation within the British Parliament. Executive and legislative powers respectively have been devolved to the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh since 1999.
Service overseas on behalf of the Empire lost its allure to formidable young folks, who left Scotland completely. The heavy dependence on obsolescent heavy business and mining was a central downside, and nobody offered workable options. The despair reflected what Finlay describes as a widespread sense of hopelessness that prepared local business and political leaders to accept a new orthodoxy of centralised government financial planning when it arrived during the Second World War. After one other proposal from the English House of Lords was rejected in 1695, and a further Lords movement was voted down within the House of Commons in 1700, the Parliament of Scotland once more rejected union in 1702.
The Scottish Government considers the successful re-institution of the Plenary, and institution of the Domestic fora to be essential facets of the relationship with the British Government and the opposite devolved administrations. The MOU lays emphasis on the principles of fine communication, session and co-operation.
Modern use of the time period describes products of Scotland (often food or drink-related). Very impressed with the food and repair from Sharky’s Fish and Chips it is brilliant.
Most of the population, including the capital Edinburgh, is concentrated within the Central Belt – the plain between the Scottish Highlands and the Southern Uplands – within the Scottish Lowlands. .scot isn’t a ccTLD, however a GeoTLD, open to use by all folks in Scotland and related to Scotland. They are thoroughly skilled, and their service is comfortable and problem-free. Friendly, dependable drivers and clear cab inside and outside, cheap prices even for long distance can not fault them. “Essential” retailers such as meals shops, supermarkets, pharmacies, backyard centres, off-licences and Christmas tree retailers can continue to open.
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The Central Belt is the place most of the major towns and cities are positioned, including Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee, and Perth. The Scottish Lowlands host eighty% of the entire inhabitants, where the Central Belt accounts for 3.5 million people. On the high mountain tops, species together with ptarmigan, mountain hare and stoat could be seen of their white color phase throughout winter months. Remnants of the native Scots pine forest exist and within these areas the Scottish crossbill, the UK’s only endemic bird species and vertebrate, can be discovered alongside capercaillie, Scottish wildcat, red squirrel and pine marten.
Following a referendum on devolution proposals in 1997, the Scotland Act 1998 was passed by the British Parliament, which established a devolved Scottish Parliament and Scottish Government with responsibility for many legal guidelines specific to Scotland. The first to carry the office of first minister of Scotland was Donald Dewar, who served until his sudden death in 2000. Mental health support providers are persevering with throughout the lockdown and persons are being urged to see assist in the event that they want it. “This reckless decision resulted in an advanced and prolonged rescue, requiring the temporary closure of the B3135 Cliff road, and attendance from a number of emergency companies, together with 4 police officers and 20 hearth service employees. Scottish delicacies has distinctive attributes and recipes of its personal but shares a lot with wider British and European delicacies as a result of native and overseas influences, both historical and trendy.
‘Essential’ retailers such as meals retailers, supermarkets, pharmacies, garden centres, off-licences and pet retailers can continue to open, nevertheless keep in mind that many of these outlets might be closed on Boxing Day. Under England’s hardest Tier four restrictions, persons are suggested to stay at residence and non-essential retailers, bars and eating places should shut.